Question: Why Does The Conductor Shake Hands With The First Violinist?

What is the most prestigious orchestra in the world?

The World’s Greatest Orchestras1 Royal Concertgebouw.

Of course I knew the Royal Concertgebouw from records long before I ever conducted them.2 Berlin Philharmonic.

3 Vienna Philharmonic.

4 London Symphony Orchestra.

5 Chicago Symphony Orchestra.

6 Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra.

7 Cleveland Orchestra.

8 Los Angeles Philharmonic.

More items…•Mar 23, 2010.

What is the best orchestra in the USA?

the Chicago SymphonyChicago Symphony Tops U.S. Orchestras : NPR. Chicago Symphony Tops U.S. Orchestras The city of Chicago has one more thing to boast about: Its hometown orchestra, the Chicago Symphony, has been named America’s top orchestra in a new critics’ poll published in the venerable British magazine Gramophone.

Who is the greatest violinist of all time?

9 Top Classical Violinists of All Time…and WhyJascha Heifetz (1901-1974) … Niccolo Paganini (1782-1840) … David Fyodorovich Oistrakh (1908-1974) … Itzhak Perlman (1945-) … Hilary Hahn (1979-) … Friedrich “Fritz” Kreisler (1875-1962) … Pablo de Sarasate (1844–1908) … Nathan Mironovich Milstein (1904-1992)More items…•May 16, 2016

Is 1st violin better than 2nd violin?

All violinists in an orchestra have very high skill levels and the only difference between the two sections is the role they play in the orchestra. … All first violinists appreciate the value and hard work of the second violins.

Why do violin players shake their hands?

Shaking it Up the Right Way. Learning violin vibrato, or vibrato for any other stringed instrument is a BIG step. … Vibrato takes an intermediate player and makes them sound very advanced. Vibrato adds fullness, rich color, and variety to your playing, but it is also very difficult to learn and slow to master.

What is the role of the first violinist in an orchestra?

In general, the first violinist, or the concertmaster, carries the tune or the melody of a particular piece of music, while the second violinist plays the harmony. In a professional orchestra, the position of first violinist is usually paid more than other members of the orchestra.

Who is the highest paid musician in an orchestra?

Zubin MehtaZubin Mehta reportedly earned a staggering $48 million from 2019 – 2020 making him one of the highest-earning musicians in the world presently. Zubin Mehta is a remarkable figure in the music world. Born in Bombay, India in 1936 his Father founded the Bombay Symphony Orchestra.

What instrument makes the most money?

The Most Expensive Instruments of All TimeGasparo Bertolotti da Salò Viola. … OM-45 Deluxe Acoustic Guitar from C.F. … Eric Clapton’s Fender Stratocaster: Blackie. … The Lady of Tennant Stradivarius. … John Lennon’s Steinway Z Piano. … Hammer Stradivarius Violin. … Lady Blunt Stradivarius Violin. … Vieuxtemps Violin.More items…

Where does the first chair violinist sit?

The concertmaster is the lead violinist. As the violinist with the highest “rank”, he/she sits in the first chair, next to the conductor’s podium. The concertmaster leads the orchestra in its tuning prior to the concert, and customarily plays all of the violin solos within pieces.

Why is first chair violin so important?

The first chair violinist of an orchestra—known as the concertmaster—is a vital musical leader with widely ranging responsibilities, from tuning the orchestra to working closely with the conductor.

How much does a violinist in an orchestra make?

Violinists in the United States make an average salary of $56,620 per year or $27.22 per hour. People on the lower end of that spectrum, the bottom 10% to be exact, make roughly $28,000 a year, while the top 10% makes $113,000.

Does the conductor actually do anything?

It keeps an orchestra or a choir in time and together. But that’s just the starting point. Most importantly a conductor serves as a messenger for the composer. It is their responsibility to understand the music and convey it through gesture so transparently that the musicians in the orchestra understand it perfectly.

Could an orchestra play without a conductor?

If you just pick up the right kind of students, they will become conductors.” Lintu acknowledges that most orchestras nowadays could play quite well together without the involvement of a conductor. … Because most of the orchestras in the world can play together without any conductor.

Is first or second violin harder?

That said, the first violin part is often considered “harder” because typically it shifts to higher positions and can have more virtuosic stuff in there. … Easy or hard, it is true that first violin parts tend to have the melody and spotlight much of the time, with the second violin in a more supportive role.

Do musicians actually look at the conductor?

Orchestral musicians may look directly at a conductor if they are looking for a cue they know the conductor plans to provide, but usually only if they find it helpful. Most members can also see the conductor’s gesticulations in their peripheral vision even when they aren’t looking directly at him or her.

What is the leader of the first violins called?

In an orchestra, the concertmaster is the leader of the first violin section. Any violin solo in an orchestral work is played by the concertmaster, (except in the case of a concerto in which case a guest soloist plays). It is usually the case that the concertmaster be the most skilled player in the violin section.

Why is the concertmaster a violinist?

A major reason for this was because composers began to write more harmonically robust music that didn’t require lugging a harpsichord around. And since violinists weren’t going anywhere, the concertmaster became the orchestra’s player-coach.

Why does the conductor leave and come back?

After each major piece, the conductor will take a bow and then leave the stage. However, if the audience keeps clapping, he’ll come back out to acknowledge the applause and point out musicians in the orchestra who played particularly well.

Who is the most important person in an orchestra?

Without them there would be no orchestra. But acknowledging that, I think it is recognized that the most important person needed for a good symphony orchestra is the conductor [director] of the orchestra. Also, known as the maestro, a great conductor can make for a great symphony orchestra.

Who is the best conductor in the world?

Top Ten ConductorsArturo Toscanini. 76 votes. (7%)Sir Thomas Beecham. 57 votes. (5.3%)Sir Malcolm Sargent. 29 votes. (2.7%)Herbert von Karajan. 219 votes. (20.2%)Sir Georg Solti. 116 votes. (10.7%)Leonard Bernstein. 201 votes. (18.6%)André Previn. 64 votes. (5.9%)Sir Simon Rattle. 229 votes. (21.1%)More items…

What is the most important instrument in an orchestra?

violinsIf the string section is the most defining of the orchestra, the violins are generally the most defining members of the string family (don’t tell the cellists). The violins carry the melody, particularly the first violins. The second violins will often support the first violins’ harmony by playing it in a lower pitch.